Hemp in Romania

Hemp – one of the most valuable legacies that Romania has inherited

Even from the oldest times, Romanian people have traditionally grown hemp for its fiber. Combining this with the excellent soil and moisture conditions for growing this plant, have resulted in record productions on ours country lands.

During the last decade, there has been a revived interest in hemp as a renewable resource, therefore our mission was set: to bring back to life and relaunch this old tradition by combining modern technology with our country’s wide experience gained over the centuries – starting with research, agriculture, industry and commerce, but in an environmentally-sound manner.

 

We have tradition

Hemp fiber obtained from the bast of the plant Cannabis sativa is used from the oldest times for clothing and other household goods. The archeological evidence attests it from 7000 – 8000 B.C.

In Romania, the plant was brought by the Scythians in the beginning of the VII century B.C. Herodot mentions that the Dacians (Romanians’ ancestors) used the plant to heal the wounds and burns, while Dacian women were highly skilled in using hemp to produce clothes and home decorations. Over time, hemp processing became the main activity of Romanian women and from which many other traditions derived.

In some Romanian regions, the old traditional ways of growing and processing hemp within the household (like traditional labour intensive water retting techniques) have remained unchanged up until today.

This long history of hemp has brought Romania to occupy first place as the biggest hemp provider in Europe, cultivating 56 – 70% of the entire European production and the 4th in the world with 45.000 ha of land cultivated with hemp, up until 1989. Most of this hemp is used for the production of high quality textiles for export.

 

We have the lands

The land itself is Romania’s most valuable natural resource. All but the most rugged mountainous regions sustain some form of agricultural activity.

From the earliest times, Romanian lands were renowned for their fertile soil and good harvests. As the Roman colony of Dacia, the region supplied grain and other foods to the empire for nearly two centuries exactly for these very reasons. Moreover, chemical fertilizers were not often used and they are almost not used even today. Taking into consideration the fact that the majority of farms are still mixed, having both crops and domestic animals, the most used fertilizers are organic ones. Combining these factors, up until today Romania managed to preserve the most natural, organic and fertile soils throughout Europe.

Prince Charles himself owns two properties in Transylvania, mesmerized by the way we managed to preserve traditions and our virgin lands unharmed by global industrialization.

 

We have international recognition

It didn’t take long till the whole world agreed that the best hemp on the market comes from Romania. This only facilitated the development of en entire production chain which enabled trading of the most various range of Romanian hemp products.
What makes CAVVAS unique is that besides “inheriting” the high quality hemp that our lands have to offer we also used our country’s tradition and experience in our favor. We kept the classic mechanical processing techniques, we maintained every stage of the manufacturing process as healthy as possible both to the individual and to the environment and we only partnered with companies that share our values.

 

We succeded!
And now we are often called “The manufacturer of the most eco-friendly hemp textiles“.